Worldwide Conflicts and Wars,
Terrorism and Armed Conflicts

U.S.- Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations 1


Name and Base of Operations Description Goals and Targets Estimated Strength Year Founded Alleged Activities
Abu Nidal Organization (ANO) a.k.a. Fatah; Iraq Transnational organization, composed of functional committees Targets U.S., UK, France, Israel, moderate Palestinians, the PLO, Arab countries A few hundred 1974 Attacks in 20 countries, killing or injuring 900. Leader Abu Nidal died in 2002
Abu Sayyaf Group; Philippines, Malaysia Separatist group composed of several semiautonomous factions Aims to create Islamic state in Philippines; profit-driven terror 200
1991 Kidnappings, bombings, assassinations, and extortion
Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade; West Bank, Gaza Strip, Israel Small cells of Fatah-affiliated activists Aims to drive out Israelis and to establish a Palestinian state Unknown 2000 Shootings, suicide operations (first Palestinian female suicide bombing)
Ansar al-Islam (AI); Iraqi Kurds and Arabs Iraqi Kurds and Arabs Aims to create an Islamic state in Iraq; allied with al-Qaeda 500
2001 Ambushes and attacks
Armed Islamic Group (GIA); Algeria Islamic extremists Aims to replace Algerian regime with an Islamic state Less than 100 1992 Massacred thousands of civilians, targeted foreigners
Asbat al-Ansar; Lebanon Sunni extremist group associated with Osama bin Laden Aims to create Islamic state, opposes peace with Israel 300 1990s Assassinations, bombings of Western targets, failed coup
Aum Shinrikyo (Aum); Japan, Russia Cult established by Shoko Asahara Claims U.S. will start WWIII with Japan, beginning Armageddon 1,950 1987 Chemical attacks on Tokyo subways, no recent activity
Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA); Spain, France Established to create an independent Basque homeland Targets Spanish and French government interests, tourists Unknown 1959 Since 1960, more than 850 killed, hundreds injured
Communist Party of the Philippines/New People's Army (CPP/NPA); Philippines CPP's military wing that aims to overthrow the government through guerrilla warfare Targets Philippine security forces, politicians, judges, government informers, NPA rebels Less than 9,000 1969 Assassinations, murders, attacks on U.S. personnel and interests
Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA); Northern Ireland, Irish Republic Splinter group, also called Continuity Army Council and Republican Sinn Fein Targets British military, Northern Ireland security forces, Loyalist paramilitary groups Less than 50 1990s Bombings, assassinations, kidnappings, hijackings, extortion, robberies
Gama'a al-Islamiyya (Islamic Group); Egypt Egypt's largest militant group now split into two factions, one calling for cease-fire. Aims to replace Egypt's government with an Islamic state Unknown 1973 1993 World Trade Center bombings, attacks on tourists
HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement); West Bank, Gaza Strip, Israel Outgrowth of the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood Aims to replace Israel with Palestinian Islamic state using political and violent means Unknown 1987 Large-scale suicide bombings and attacks against Israelis
Harakat ul-Mujahidin (HUM); Pakistan Islamic militant group aligned with the radical JUI-F faction Targets Indian troops, Kashmiri civilians, and Western interests Several hundred 1985 Linked to al-Qaeda, hijacked Indian airliner in 1999
Hezbollah (Party of God); Lebanon, worldwide cells A radical Shi'ite group with aims for the creation of Iranian-style Islamic republic Dedicated to eliminating Israel, is anti-U.S. and anti-Israel A few hundred 1982 Suicide bombings, hijacked 1985 TWA Flight 847; rocket attacks against Israel in 2006
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU); South Asia, Tajikistan, Iran Islamic militants opposed to Uzbekistani President Islom Karimov's secular regime Aims to remove Karimov, establish an Islamic state, and fight anti-Islamic opponents Less than 500 1991 Car bombs, taking foreign hostages, most active in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM) (Army of Mohammed);
Islamic extremist group formed after Masood Azhar's release from prison. Aims to unite Kashmir with Pakistan, targets Indian government and political leaders Several hundred 2000 Murder of U.S. journalist, Indian Parliament bombing, anti-Christian attacks
Jemaah Islamiya organization (JI); cells span Southeast Asia Southeast Asian network aims to create an idealized Islamic state Plotted against tourist spots, foreign diplomatic buildings Unknown 1990s Bombings in Indonesia and Philippines
Al-Jihad (AJ); Cairo, Egypt, Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Lebanon, UK Egyptian Islamic extremists, merged with al-Qaeda in 2001 Aims to replace the Egyptian government with Islamic state, attack U.S., Israeli interests Several hundred 1970s Attacks on Egyptian government personnel, assassinated Anwar Sadat
Kahane Chai (Kach); Israel, West Bank Jewish extremist group aims to restore the biblical state of Israel Organizes protests against the Israeli government Unknown 1994 Threats made to Arabs, Palestinians, and Israeli officials
Kongra-Gel (KGK), a.k.a. Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK); Turkey, Middle East Marxist
Leninist insurgent group aims to create a democratic Kurdish state
Targets Turkish security forces, officials, and villagers who oppose organization 4,000
1974 Attacked diplomatic and commercial facilities, bombed tourist sites
Lashkar-e- Tayyiba (LT) (Army of the Righteous); Pakistan Armed wing of a Pakistan-based Sunni anti-U.S. missionary group Targets Indian troops and civilians in Kashmir Several thousand 1989 Attacks on border security forces and Indian Parliament
Lashkar i Jhangvi (LJ); Pakistan, Afghanistan A Sunni sectarian radical group banned in Pakistan in 2001 Anti-Shi'ite group aims to create a Muslim state in Pakistan Less than 100 1996 Armed attacks, bombings, attempted assassinations
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE); Sri Lanka Most powerful Tamil group in Sri Lanka aims to create a Tamil state Targets key personnel, senior political and military leaders 8,000
1976 Assassinations, suicide bombers: "The Black Tigers"
Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG); Libya, United Kingdom, other countries Libyans who had fought against Soviet forces in Afganistan and the Qaddafi regime in Libya. Pledged to overthrow un-Islamic government of Libyan president Muammar al-Qaddafi Several hundred 1990s Suicide bombings, assassination attempt against Qaddafi
Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (GICM)   Wishes to create an Islamic state in Morocco Unknown 1990s 2003 terrorist attack on Casablanca; 2004 Madrid bombing
Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK); Iraq Marxist
Islamic group expelled from Iran receiving Iraqi support
Largest armed Iranian opposition group advocates a secular Iranian regime Over 3,000 1960s Assassinations, terrorist bombings, foreign military- aided assaults
National Liberation Army (ELN); Colombia, Venezuela Marxist insurgent group inspired by Fidel Castro and Che Guevara Targets foreign employees from large corporations 3,000 1965 Kidnapping, hijacking, bombing, and extortion
Palestine Islamic Jihad (PIJ); Israel, West Bank, Gaza Strip Militant Palestinians committed to destroying Israel through holy war Targets Israeli military and civilians, opposes secularism Unknown 1970s Suicide bombings, attacks on Israeli interests
Palestine Liberation Front (PLF); Iraq Broke away from PFLP-GC and split into pro-PLO,
Syrian, and
Libyan factions
Known for aerial attacks against Israel Unknown 1970s Attacked Italian ship Achille Lauro, murdered a U.S. citizen
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP); Syria, Lebanon, Israel, West Bank, Gaza Strip Marxist-Leninist group that broke away from the Arab Nationalist Movement Targets Israel's "illegal occupation" of Palestine and opposes negotiations with Israel Unknown 1967 International terrorist acts in the 1970s, attacks against Israel and moderate Arab targets since 1978
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
General Command (PFLP-GC); Syria
Split from the PFLP to focus on fighting, opposes Arafat's PLO Attacks in Europe and the Middle East. Targets Israel, West Bank, and Gaza Strip Several hundred 1968 Unusual attacks: hot air balloons, hang gliders, Lebanese guerrilla operations
Al-Qaeda; Afghanistan until 2001, Southeast Asia, Middle East, worldwide cells Osama bin Laden's network of Arabs who fought against the Soviet Union. Goal to establish a worldwide pan-Islamic Caliphate Targets "non-Islamic" regimes and U.S. citizens Several thousand 1980s Bombings of embassies and USS Cole; September 11, 2001, U.S. attacks
Al-Qaeda in Iraq   Targets U.S. soldiers and Iraqi citizens; leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi killed by U.S. in 2006 c. 1,000 2003 Major and numerous terrorist attacks in Iraq
Real IRA; Northern Ireland, UK, Irish Republic Armed wing of the 32-County Sovereignty Movement to unify Ireland Targets civilians, military, police, and Protestant communities Less than 100 1998 Bombings, assassinations, robberies
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC); Colombia Oldest and most
capable Marxist insurgency with ties to narcotics trafficking
Targets Colombian political, military, and economic interests, also foreign citizens 9,000
1964 Bombings, mortar attacks, kidnappings, extortion, guerrilla warfare, and drug trafficking
Revolutionary Nuclei (formerly ELA); Athens, Greece Emerged from antiestablishment and anti-U.S./NATO/EU leftist groups Targets U.S. and European interests and government buildings in Greece Believed small 1995 Arson attacks, low-level bombings, usually striking in early-morning hours
Revolutionary Organization 17 November; Athens, Greece Radical leftist group named for student uprising in 1973 Seeks removal of U.S. bases, Turkish military, and the severing of NATO and EU ties Believed small 1975 Assassinations, bombings, improvised rocket attacks, supported by bank robberies
Revolutionary People's Liberation Army/Front (DHKP-C); Turkey Marxist-Leninist group: "Party" refers to its political activities, "Front" refers to its militant operations Anti-U.S., anti-NATO, and anti-Turkish establishment group Unknown 1978 Attacks on U.S. interests, suicide bombings
Salafist Group for Call and Combat (GSPC); Algeria Outgrowth of GIA and the most effective armed group in Algeria Military and government targets, pledges to avoid civilians Several hundred 1992 Attacks military, police, and government convoys
Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso, SL); Peru Based on Maoist teachings, aims to destroy Peruvian institutions Aims to build communist regime, targets political enemies 300 1960s 30,000 dead, assassinations, bombings, village raids
Tanzim Qa'idat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn (QJBR) a.k.a. Al-Zarqawi Network and Al-Qaeda in Iraq; Iraq Established soon after start of Operation Iraqi Freedom to bring together jihadists and other insurgents; merged with al-Qaeda Aims to expel Coalition forces and establish Islamic state in Iraq, then move to Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan Unknown 2003 Many bombings, killing hundreds; assassination of key Iraqi political figures; beheadings of Americans
United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC); Colombia Umbrella organization that consolidates paramilitary groups Targets "insurgents" from FARC and ELN 8,000
1997 Assassinations, guerrilla warfare, and drug trafficking

1 As of April 2006, the U.S. State Department has designated these groups as Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs).
Source: U.S. Department of State, Office of Counterterrorism, Center for Defense Information, Terrorism Project.

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01 Jan. 2008

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