Natural and Man-Made Disasters,
Historical Natural Disasters
Historical Tornadoes
Significant Tornado Events:

Historical American Tornadic Events

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Definition: Tornado: 1 archaic : a tropical thunderstorm; 2 a : a squall accompanying a thunderstorm in Africa; b : a violent destructive whirling wind accompanied by a funnel-shaped cloud that progresses in a narrow path over the land; 3 : a violent windstorm; WHIRLWIND -- Tornado Fujita scale

1840 May 6 Natchez, Mississippi: tornado struck heart of the city, killing 317 and injuring over 1,000.
1880 April 18 Marshfield, Montana: a series of 24 tornadoes demolished city, killing 99 people.
1884 Feb. 19 Mississippi, Alabama, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana: series of 60 tornadoes caused estimated 800 deaths.
1890 March 27 Louisville, Kentucky: twister hit community and caused 76 deaths.
1896 May 27 eastern Montana and southern Illinois: series of 18 tornadoes; 1 tornado destroyed large section of St. Louis, Montana, killing 255.
1899 June 12 New Richmond, Wisconsin: tornado struck while circus was in town, causing 117 deaths.
1902 May 18 Goliad, Texas: tornado killed 114.
1903 June 1 Gainesville, Holland, Georgia: twister caused 98 deaths.
1905 May 10 Snyder, Oklahoma: tornado killed 97.
1908 April 24-25 Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia: 18 tornadoes resulted in 310 deaths (143 of these caused by 1 tornado that moved from Amite, Louisiana, to Purvis, Mississippi).
1908 April 24 Natchez, Mississippi: twister struck, causing 91 deaths.
1913 March 23 eastern Nebraska and western Iowa: Easter Sunday, 8 tornadoes resulted in 181 deaths (94 in Omaha, Nebraska).
1917 May 26 Mattoon, Illinois: tornado smashed area, causing 101 deaths.
1920 April 20 Starkville, Mississippi; Waco, Alabama: tornado killed 88.
1924 June 28 Lorain, Sandusky, Ohio: tornado swept through cities, causing 85 deaths.
1925 March 18 Montana, Illinois, Indiana: the "Tri-State Tornado" was the most violent single twister in U.S. history. It caused the deaths of 689 people and injured over 2,000. Property damage was estimated at $16.5 million.
1927 May 9 Poplar Bluff, Montana: twister killed 98.
Sept. 29, St. Louis, Montana: a five-minute tornado ripped through the city and caused 79 deaths.
1932 March 21-22 Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Tennessee: an outbreak of 33 tornadoes killed 334 (268 in Alabama).
1936 April 5-6 Deep South: a series of 17 tornadoes; 216 killed in Tupelo, Mississippi, and 203 killed in Gainesville, Georgia, a small mill town that was obliterated.
1944 June 23 West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland: 4 tornadoes caused 153 deaths.
1947 April 9 Woodward, Oklahoma: tornado demolished town, killing 181.
1952 March 21-22 Arkansas and Tennessee: 28 tornadoes caused 204 deaths.
1953 May 11 Waco, Texas: a single tornado killed 114.
1953 June 8 Flint, Michigan: tornado killed 116.
1953 June 9 Worcester, Massachusettes: tornado hit town, causing 90 deaths.
1955 May 25 Udall, Kans.: tornado killed 80.
1965 April 11-12 Midwest-Great Lakes region: tornadoes in Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, and Wisconsin caused 256 deaths.
1967 April 21 northern Illinois, also Montana, Iowa, lower Michigan: series of 52 tornadoes caused 58 deaths.
1971 Feb. 21 Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee: series of 10 tornadoes resulted in 121 deaths.
1974 April 3-4 13 States: A series of 148 twisters within 16 hours comprised the deadly "Super Tornado Outbreak" that struck 13 states in the East, South, and Midwest. Before it was over, 330 died and 5,484 were injured in a damage path covering more than 2,500 mi.
1979 April 10 northern Texas and southern Oklahoma: 11 tornadoes caused 59 deaths.
1984 March 28 North Carolina and South Carolina: 22 tornadoes caused 57 deaths.
1985 May 31 Pennsylvania and Ohio: 27 tornadoes resulted in 756 deaths. Estimated damages were $450 million.
1990 Aug. 28 northern Illinois: fast-moving tornado struck the southwest suburbs of Chicago, killing 29 and injuring more than 300.
1992 Nov. 21-23 southeast Texas to Mid-Atlantic and Ohio Valley: total of 94 tornadoes caused 26 deaths and $291 million in damage.
1994 March 27 Alabama, Georgia, and North Carolina: Palm Sunday tornado outbreak resulted in 42 deaths, 320 injuries, and $107 million in property damage. Twenty people died and 90 were injured when a tornado caused the roof of a church near Piedmont, Alabama, to collapse.
1997 May 27 central Texas: multiple tornadoes, including one particularly strong twister that devastated the town of Jarrell, caused 29 deaths and an estimated $20 million in damage.
1999 Jan. 17-22 Tennessee and Arkansas: a series of tornadoes left 17 dead. Damages were estimated at $1.3 billion
1999 May 3 Oklahoma and Kans.: unusually large twister, thought to have been a mile wide at times, killed 44 people and injured at least 748 others in Oklahoma A separate tornado killed another 5 and injured about 150 in Kansas. Damages totaled at least $1 billion.
2000 Feb. 14 southwest Georgia: at least 5 tornadoes struck southwest Georgia, killing 19 people and injuring over 100.
2002 Nov. 9-11 central and southeast U.S.: series of more than 70 tornadoes across 9 states from Mississippi to Pennsylvania killed 36 people
2003 May 1-10 southern and midwestern U.S.: a record-breaking number of more than 400 tornadoes in the first 10 days of May killed 42.
2006 March-April plains, Tenn, and Ohio valley, U.S.: more than 500 tornadoes killed 47 people in the 2-month period.

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